PINE TREE ANTS
Another ant that I find just as damaging to structures is the Pine Tree Ant. Not a lot is known or written about the Pine Tree Ant but what we do know is that it likes living in El Dorado County. This ant prefers to live in wooded areas above 2,000 feet in elevation. We seem to find them mostly east of Placerville but we have treated for them as far south as Shingle Springs and Cameron Park.
This ant will invade a house, nesting and tunneling through softer wood inside the structure. It is common to see this ant carving out a nest in rigid polystyrene foam or fiberglass insulation. One of the most common areas for this ant to nest in is open beam ceilings. The ant will harbor in the hard foam insulation between the tongue, groove wood, and the roof structure.
As the colony grows, they tunnel through the nesting material and kick out the excess foam through cracks in the ceiling. The foam kicked out by the pine tree ant will be very fine in consistency. Any areas in the house that have this type of insulation are susceptible to pine tree ants.
Pine tree ants will also nest in fiberglass insulation. We have gone into an attic and found these ants living in and chewing on fiberglass insulation. Anyplace in a house that is protected and a viable place to nest with either insulation or soft wood can be attacked by pine tree ants.
Argentine ants are the most common ant to occupy the state of California. Dusty brown to black in color and about 3 millimeters in length, this prolific ant loves to invade kitchens and bathrooms.
Most likely introduced into the state by sheep shipments from Argentina, these ants have taken over and produced “super colonies” that stretch from Oregon to Mexico. Your backyard could have several satellite colonies, each one numbering in the hundreds of thousands, and all of them are related to each other.
Argentine ants will usually stay outside, until they find a food source inside your kitchen or pantry. Then they may enter by the thousands. Environmental stress such as hot weather or extreme cold and rain, can drive these ants into your house.
Another interesting aspect of the Argentine ant is their relationship with plant insects such as aphids and scale. The ants harvest the honeydew produced by these insects and will actually carry aphids from branch to branch to harvest the honeydew. One way to lessen an Argentine ant population in your garden is to eliminate aphids and scale. Use of a non-repellant pesticides and bait will control these pesky critters.
VELVETY TREE ANTS
Velvety Tree ants are light brown or dusty red in color and are about 1/4 of an inch in length. Usually living outside in the crooks and holes of oak trees, this occasional invader will sometimes come inside and nest in wall voids or any other suitable area.
Velvety Tree ants do not have a stinger but have strong mandibles and will bite if they are agitated. Many tree trimmers have found this out the hard way.
Treatment of ant nests and trails usually leads to control.
ODOROUS HOUSE ANTS
Odorous house ants are one of the more difficult ants to control. They range in color from brown to black and range in length from 1/16 to 1/8 inches (1.5–3.2 mm) and have a peculiar, sweet odor when crushed. They like loose soil but have been known to nest in a wide variety of places. We once found a nest in a coffee pot. Like most ants, these ants will follow trails but the individual members are usually more spread out.
Many of the products used for the control of ants use the ant’s socialization skills to work against them. Ants communicate and groom each other through touching. Many of the baits and other products used in ant control use this, 'transference effect" and it is passed from ant to ant to eliminate large colonies. Odorous house ants don't seem to be as social so this "transference effect' is reduced.
It is best to try and treat these ants early in the season before their nests get large.
Pharaoh workers are about 1/16-inch long, or 2.0 millimeters in length. They are light yellow to reddish brown in color with a darker abdomen (hind portion of body).
Pharaoh ants usually nest in places like wall voids, cardboard boxes, under slabs and rocks. Colonies spread through a process called budding where a small part of the colony will split off with a few queens and start a whole new colony.
When Pharaoh ant colonies come under stress like from a repellent pesticide application, the colony will bud and any ants that survive will form several new colonies, making the problem worse. Baiting and using non-repellent pesticides work best and can eradicate these ants in a few days.
Thief ants are the tiniest ants we deal with. They are about 1/32 of an inch long and can be yellowish brown in color. They get their name from the habit of nesting close to other ants and stealing their food. Since these ants are so tiny, they can nest just about anywhere inside or outside a structure and many people may not even notice them.
Baits and non- repellent products are the best way to treat Thief ants.